It is believed he was born between 1540 and 1544, based on dates of later events. With Learnodo he hopes to break the barriers of the education system and reach out to a limitless audience in a simple and cost effective way. He starred on Degrassi for seven years (2001-2009), earning a … From 1577 to 1580, he travelled around the world in a single expedition. She was married to David Brown and Lt. Cecil John Arthur Howard. Sir Francis Drake was the Vice-Admiral of the English fleet during the 1588 attack of the Spanish Armada, a massive fleet consisting of around 130 ships, 8,000 sailors and 18,000 soldiers. Sir Francis Drake was an English explorer involved in piracy and illicit slave trading who became the second person ever to circumnavigate the globe. One of them was he was considered the first Englishman to see the Pacific Ocean. In a preemptive strike, Drake conducted a raid on the Spanish city of Cadiz, destroying more than 30 ships and thousands of tons of supplies. Francis Drake Family, Childhood, Life Achievements, Facts, Wiki and Bio of 2017. They surrendered without much resistance. Twice named prime minister of Great Britain, he helped to defeat Nazi Germany in World War II. It was during this expedition, in 1573, that Francis Drake climbed a high tree in the mountains of Panama to become the first Englishman to see the Pacific Ocean, which was barred to all but Spanish ships. Francis Drake was the first of twelve sons of Edmund Drake and Mary Mylwaye. In 1588, Drake saw action in the English defeat of the Spanish Armada, though he died in 1596 from dysentery after undertaking an unsuccessful raiding mission. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. #1 He famously captured the treasure vessel Cacafuego. That year he also was appointed mayor of Plymouth and became a member of the House of Commons. There, Drake contracted dysentery and, on January 28, 1596, died of a fever. Drake taught himself navigation as the navigator of a small merchant vessel early in his career. These two books retold Drake's story for a new generation and kept his legend alive. His father later became a Calvinist lay preacher and raised his children as staunch Protestants. He paved the way for future exploration and conquests of the British Empire and is one of the most renowned sea captains in the history of his nation. They did little damage, but the ensuing panic caused some of the Spanish captains to cut anchor and scatter. Childhood and youth Francis Drake was born in Crowndale near Tavistock in Devonshire in a family of […] Francis Drake was the first great figure in human history to survive a trip around the world. He played a major role in the destruction and defeat of the mighty Spanish Armada. Although this web site is focused on Francis Drake's "Famous Voyage" - the circumnavigation of the world in 1577-1580 - many requests have been made for basic biographical information on Drake. When and Where was he Born? Resenting the Spanish authorities’ claims to regulate their colonies’ trade and impound... Circumnavigation of the world. His fiancee is Elizabeth Sydenham (m. 1585–1596), Mary Newman (m. 1569–1581). He was responsible for capturing supplies of much needed gunpowder from Spanish ships and was involved in the decisive Battle of Gravelines leading to the retreat of the Spanish fleet. That is because no one around Drake saw her as a woman. You have entered an incorrect email address! He was sent by Elizabeth I to make expeditions on several occasions. Edmund was a farmer on the estate of Lord Francis Russell, the second earl of Bedford. Francis Drake circumnavigates the globe English seaman Francis Drake returns to Plymouth, England, in the Golden Hind, becoming the first British navigator to … His father was a minister for the navy and Francis grew up near the sea. They were soon caught in a storm, with Winter's ship reversing course and returning to England. The following year, Sir Francis Drake launched a pre-emptive strike on the Spanish mainland at the port of Cadiz. Among his men were John Winter, commander of one of the vessels, and officer Thomas Doughty. 1540-43, Devon, England. English philosopher Francis Bacon would come to refer to this act as "singeing the king of Spain’s beard.". Drake is best known for his circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, from 1577 to 1580. He carried out the loot in March 1579. With two ships and a crew of 73 men, Drake captured the town. It took six days to unload. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Drake later mockingly referred to the incident as “singeing the king of Spain’s beard”. He caught the Spanish by surprise destroying 37 ships and several thousand tons of supplies. His nationality is English. His daring adventures at sea helped to establish England's naval supremacy over Spain and … The Spanish Armada never fully recovered from Drake’s victories. When he was 12, Francis was sent to work for a sea captain to raise money for the family. Drake’s voyages also widened the knowledge base of the British about various areas in the world paving the way for further exploration and conquests. His most famous capture was the Spanish ship Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, nicknamed Cacafuego (“fireshitter”). Sir Francis Drake was considered as the greatest navigator, pirate, captain and politician under the rule of Queen Elizabeth I of England. He found a good port, landed, repaired and restocked his vessels, then stayed for a time, keeping friendly relations with the natives. It returned to Plymouth with 59 men on September 26, 1580 after circumnavigating the earth, making Francis Drake the first Englishman to accomplish the feat. As the fleet sailed away from the Scottish coast, a strong gale drove many ships onto the Irish rocks. He was the first to study the effects of human selective mating. Sir Francis Drake was an Elizabethan seaman famous for his exploits against the Spanish Armada. Drake was the eldest of 12 sons born to Mary Myllwaye (spelled "Mylwaye" in some cases) and Edmund Drake. Sir Francis Drake. Francis Drake. Many in the Royal Admiralty and Queen Elizabeth I's court blatantly reviled Drake as an upstart commoner and threat to the courtly status quo. At the Battle of Gravelines, the English began getting the better of the Spaniards. Sir Francis Drake was born sometime around 1540 as the son of a Puritan farmer. His Latin name was Franciscus Draco, and in the English language “Drake” is an outdated form of the word “dragon”. On June 17, 1579, Drake landed somewhere north of Spain's northern-most claim at Point Loma. (The first person, Magellan, died while on the trip) Although a man in historical fact, Drake appears as a woman in this work. Drake taught himself navigation as the navigator of a small merchant vessel early in his career. The Drake of legend was a pious, brave, and just seaman who initiated the move to make England a great naval power and whose acts of piracy against his country’s enemies earned him a knighthood for patriotism. Gender. Francis Drake was born sometime between 1540 and 1544 in Tavistock, England. She also clandestinely assigned him the task of exploring the Northwestern coast of North America, seeking a Northwest passage. She died on January 18, 2000 in Irvine, California, USA. Continuing to face stormy weather, Drake remained in his flagship, the newly dubbed Golden Hind and only remaining vessel from the original squad, sailing up the coasts of Chile and Peru and plundering an unprotected Spanish merchant ship full of bullion. Drake had five ships for the expedition. Francis Drake was an illustrious English naval officer, sea captain, slave trader, explorer, and privateer. English admiral Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe from 1577-1580, helped defeat the Spanish Armada of 1588 and was the most renowned seaman of … His father fled his native county after being charged with assault and robbery. By late afternoon, the English pulled back. Though his exploits made him an infamous pirate in Spain, Sir Francis Drake was a national hero who inspired numerous legends, and works in popular culture. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Biography - Sir Francis Drake. He made his first sea voyage to … Francis Drake, the eldest son of a yeoman farmer, was born near Tavistock, Devonshire. Sir Francis Drake (c. 1540 – 28 January 1596) was an English sea captain, privateer, naval officer, slaver, and explorer. However, only Pelican, renamed Golden Hind mid-voyage, was able to complete the expedition. Thousands of Spaniards drowned, and those who reached land were later executed by English authorities. For completing the second circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, Francis Drake was knighted by Queen Elizabeth aboard his famous vessel Golden Hind on 4th April 1581. She was an actress, known for Mad Love (1935), The Invisible Ray (1936) and Les Misérables (1935). His maiden novella “Teicos” is a thoughtful depiction of the development of society and is awaiting publication. With the armada formation broken, the lumbering Spanish galleons were easy targets for the English ships, which could quickly move in to fire one or two well-aimed broadsides before scurrying off to safety. The next evening, Lord Howard and Drake organized fire ships to sail right into the Spanish fleet. English explorer Martin Frobisher is best known for his attempts to discover a Northwest Passage and his voyages to Labrador and Frobisher Bay in Canada. Francis Drake was a privateer, basically a pirate authorized by the government to plunder foreign vessels. Sir Francis Drake: Biography &… Sir Francis Drake Francis Drake was an experienced and daring seafarer. Drake had thus become the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world and the second person ever, after the Basque mariner Juan Sebastian Elcano (who took over Ferdinand Magellan’s expedition after his death). Sir Francis Drake Biography. In 1585, during the Anglo-Spanish War, Francis Drake was ordered by Queen Elizabeth I to lead an expedition to attack the Spanish colonies. In 1595, an aging Sir Francis Drake set off on a final voyage to prowl the West Indies. Major tensions flared between Drake and Doughty during the trip, potentially motivated by political intrigue. They were privateers who prowled the shipping lanes off the French coast, seizing merchant ships. Sir Francis Drake was an English explorer who is most famous for his circumnavigation of the earth which made him the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe in a single expedition. The following year Drake was one of the leaders of a similar campaign against Spain, known as the “Counter-Armada of 1589”, but it was also unsuccessful. With the success of the Panama expedition, Queen Elizabeth I sent Drake out against the Spanish along the Pacific coast of South America in late 1577. A more than able captain, skilled navigator, and a fierce politician. On July 21, 130 ships of the Spanish Armada entered the English Channel in a crescent formation. She … His biography is available in 107 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 104 in 2019). He also served as an officer aboard a West African slave vessel. Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, Devon in around 1540 and went to sea at an early age. They returned to Plymouth in 1573. 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