Henceforth even for ever.—The words admit, as in the parallels of Psalm 21:4; Psalm 61:6-7; 2Samuel 7:12-16, of being interpreted of the perpetuity of the dynasty of which the anointed king is to be the founder; but the “Everlasting Father “of the context, and the parallels of Psalm 45:6; Psalm 110:4, are in favour of its referring to a personal immortality of sovereignty. Isaiah, A Brief Commentary Related Media. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this. But how will he do that? Isaiah 7:14-16, where the promise of ‘a child,’ ‘a son,’ is first made – a child who was, like this Child, to be ‘God with us’).”[27], “The reference to the birth of a child in v. 5 has been variously interpreted, but despite attempts to connect the child Immanuel (Isa 7:14) with the child mentioned here and to interpret Isa 9:5 as an actual birth announcement of a new male baby just born to the royal family, such an interpretation is highly unlikely….”, “The parallels to Isa 9:5, both biblical and nonbiblical, suggest that it is better to take the birth imagery in the verse as the metaphorical language of the coronation service. He uses the lesser to include the greater and in so doing insures inclusion of the total. The peace of believers, under the Gospel dispensation, is greater than that of the saints under the legal dispensation, whose sacrifices could not remove a consciousness of sin and its guilt; and who, through various laws threatening with death, were all their lifetime subject to bondage; but great is the peace of New Testament saints, through the blood, righteousness, and sacrifice of Christ, and which may be increased more and more; and in the latter day there will be more peace among themselves; Ephraim shall not envy Judah, nor Judah vex Ephraim; the sticks of Joseph and Judah shall be one nor will there ever be any more discord between Jew and Gentile, the lion and the lamb shall lie down together; there will be no more war among the nations, after the battle of Armageddon; and no more persecution, after the slaughter of the witnesses; and this abundance of peace, spiritual and temporal, will be as long as the moon endures, Psalm 72:7 and all this will issue in eternal peace in the world to come: upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom; that is, on it the Prince of peace shall sit, who is David's son, according to the flesh, and so his heir; see Luke 1:32 and which must be understood spiritually of the church and people of Christ, who are his throne and kingdom; in whose hearts he reigns by his grace and Spirit: to order it; dispose, rectify, put into form and order, and adorn and beautify, by enacting laws for them, writing them on their hearts, and putting his Spirit within them, to enable them to keep them; and by setting persons over them, under him, as deputies and sub-governors, guides and rulers, to explain his laws, and enforce them; to teach them to observe all things commanded by him; to whom he gives gifts for usefulness and service; and whose ministry he blesses, for the conversion and gathering in of others, and so repairs and glorifies the house of his kingdom; and also by granting his presence in his word and ordinances: and to establish it with justice and judgment; by convincing men by his Spirit of righteousness and judgment; by revealing in his Gospel his own righteousness to them; by forming in their hearts the new man, which is created in righteousness and true holiness; by teaching them to live soberly, righteously, and godly; and by protecting them from all their enemies: and so he establishes particular believers in the faith of himself, and with the doctrine of faith, that they persevere to the end; and his whole church upon himself, the Rock of ages, that the gates of hell shall not prevail against it; and in the latter day he will establish it upon the top of the mountains, Isaiah 2:2. from henceforth, even for ever; Christ's throne is for ever and ever, his kingdom is an everlasting one; he will have no successor in it, nor any rival that shall ever dispossess him of it; all other kingdoms will cease, but his will remain for ever: though this clause, according to the accents, is to be connected with what follows (w), thus. If even the boots and cloaks are being burned, we may be sure the weapons are disposed of, and even more surely, those who wielded them.”[22]. 7. ↑, Dillard, Raymond B. The primary idea is, that he should be descended in the line of David, and accordingly the New Testament writers are often at pains to show that the Lord Jesus was of that family; Luke 2:4. It is the jealousy of absolute love, which seeks to be loved in return, and indeed demands undivided love, and asserts its claim to reciprocity of love wherever this claim is refused. Isaiah 9.7: His Government and Peace (part 1) Grace Community Church. For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. – What is the meaning of the name, “Mighty God”? 10:17; Jer. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. It is also implied that nothing else than the zeal of Yahweh could do it. Isaiah 9.7: His Government and Peace (pt 2) 38 Views. For it is true wisdom which knows that in weakness is strength, in surrender is victory, and in death is life (42:1–4; 49:4, 21; 50:4–9; 52:13–53:12; 55:6–9; 57:15; 58:6–12; John 12:24–26).”[38]. Biblical Commentary Isaiah 9:2-7 EXEGESIS: ISAIAH 7:1 – 9:1. The future should be in striking contrast with the past. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. In the Hebr. This person will not be a king among kings in Israel. – What is the meaning of the name, “Wonderful Counselor”? Isaiah: An Introduction and Commentary. For an instance of the opposite, see Nehemiah 2:13, פרוצים הם, on which passage the Midrash observes, "The broken walls of Jerusalem will be closed in the day of salvation, and the government which has been closed up to the time of the King Messiah will be opened then.")). It lies in the coming of a person, thus fitting biblical thought throughout.”[26]. But the main idea of resemblance is, that the reign of each extended over the people of God. (Comp. Isaiah 8:16-9:7; Serving Christ Faithfully: As members of Christ's church, we are to devote ourselves to carrying out the Great Commission until He comes again. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (on Bible Hub) simply says, “The sudden change of style is remarkable; all at once the prophecy breaks into a strain of rapturous and animated poetry, which is sustained to the close. Parkhurst, Jr. Ever extending dominion and endless peace will be brought in by the sublime and lofty King's Son, when He sits upon the throne of David and rules over David's kingdom. 'It means that his reign as a prince of peace - in extending and promoting peace, shall be unlimited. It will only happen because of God’s passionate involvement with his people. Roberts writes: “‘Wonderful counselor’ stresses the new king’s wisdom in counsel and may be compared to such Egyptian crown names as ‘ready in plans,’ ‘establisher of laws,’ and ‘great in marvels.’”[37], Oswalt comments: “The Coming One would give wondrous counsel, unfailing in the depth of its wisdom. The expected perfect king will be human and divine.”, Second, “again and again, when the prophet comes to the heart of the means of deliverance, a childlike face peers out at us. Roberts writes: “‘Prince of peace’ points to the security and peace that this king’s reign will bring. – What is the meaning of the words, “You have enlarged the nation”? This king will have God’s true might about him, power so great that it can absorb all the evil which can be hurled at it until none is left to hurl (53:2–10; 59:15–20; 63:1–9).[41]. Regarding a possible emendation of the phrase “you have enlarged the nation,” see the discussion of translation issues in Isaiah 9:1-7 – Step Three – Closer Study of Content. God is strong enough to overcome his enemies by becoming vulnerable, transparent, and humble—the only hope, in fact, for turning enmity into friendship.”[30], Motyer writes: “The emphasis rests not on to us but on a child is born. “The words admit, as in the parallels of Psalm 21:4; Psalm 61:6-7; 2 Samuel 7:12-16, of being interpreted of the perpetuity of the dynasty of which the anointed king is to be the founder; but the ‘Everlasting Father’ of the context, and the parallels of Psalm 45:6; Psalm 110:4, are in favour of its referring to a personal immortality of sovereignty.”[48], Oswalt comments: “Again, it becomes clear that Isaiah has an eschatological figure in mind. Isaiah 10:20-34 The Returning Remnant of Israel. – Why is it said that “the zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this”? 32:17). is not a participle here, but a substantive after the forms מראה, מעשׂה, and that not from הרבּה, but from רבה, an infinitive noun expressing, according to its formation, the practical result of an action, rather than the abstract idea. That is, from the time which was the period of the prophet's vision, when he saw in vision the Messiah rising in the dark parts of Galilee; Notes, Isaiah 9:1-2. – What is the “way of the sea”? Oswalt understands this verse as a prophecy of universal peace: “The figure Isaiah uses to depict the cessation of war is a powerful one. This was in accordance with the promise made to David; 1 Kings 8:25; 2 Samuel 7:12-13; Psalm 132:11. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. The leaders of the people misled them. But the administration of the Messiah shall be established in righteousness, and shall be destined to extend and perpetuate justice and righteousness forever. How does the victorious, covenant-fulfilling work of God (4) come about? 32:18). Faith in the Face of Apostasy: The Gospel according to Elijah & Elisha. It may be compared to the Egyptian ‘who gives life.’”[45], According to Motyer: “Prince corresponds to our idea of ‘administrator’. But in several remarkable passages these two come together. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform . B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1986. Both bespeak a kind of concern for someone that desires an exclusive place in that person’s affections.”[54]. Idiome, 130.). And to establish it - To place it on a firm foundation; to make it firm. [1], The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges has this comment: “The way if the sea] either ‘in the direction of the (Mediterranean) Sea,’ or ‘the region along the West side of the Sea of Gennesareth.’”[2], Roberts writes: ““The way of the sea” is not identical to the much later Via Maris of the Christian era, but refers to the coastal area south of Mount Carmel that became the Assyrian province of Dūʾru (biblical Dōʾr/Dôr—Josh 11:2; 12:23; 17:11; Judg 1:27; 1 Kgs 4:11; 1 Chr 7:29; 1 Macc 15:11).”[3]. However, he cautions against seeing the promised liberation as being either exclusively spiritual or exclusively political: “Two extremes are to be avoided here. The other extreme is the way of certain forms of liberation theology that seem to suggest that the only sin is the sin of political oppression, and that Christ’s only purpose in coming was to give human beings political freedom. Peter Machinist. The Assyrian Era (With Other Prophecies), Isaiah 1-39 I.A. We keep your data private and share your data only with third parties that make this service possible. But now we will review what further light they may shed on this text. – How is this verse connected with verses 2-5? [35], Oswalt rejects this idea, saying that “such extravagant titling was not normal for Israelite kings.” In his view, such naming “is an expression of a belief that the one who would be born to rule over Israel in justice and righteousness would be possessed of divine attributes.”[36]. The Messiah succeeds to David’s throne and is doubtless conceived as his lineal descendant.”[52]. The word, also, is sometimes used to denote to found a kingdom. Ed. Raymond Dillard, in his book, Faith in the Face of Apostasy: The Gospel according to Elijah & Elisha, says the name of the king traditionally translated “Mighty God,” could also be translated, “the Warrior God.” Dillard writes, “This captain of the heavenly armies, this warrior God, is the one who has fought our battles for us.”[55]. Misrah ) occurs only here and in So doing insures inclusion of the,... And “ a son is given to us a child is born, Unto us a child is,... Only a few of the over 350 prophecies about Jesus Christ this expression here, and it hath lighted Israel... He will be on his shoulders s Publishing Company, 1997 ), Isaiah )... And ascension of Jesus from prose to poetry in this verse in the utmost danger, 1997 ) 290! Sometimes used to denote to found a kingdom & R Publishing, 1999 context for your study. (! And unlimited empire of peace Isaiah 9 Commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on Isaiah 9:2 6. And Brent A. 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