Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. LOCAL GOVERNMENT`S ROLE IN THE SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT OF A DESTINATION Rezarta Brokaj University “Ismail Qemali” Vlorë Abstract Recent statistical information indicates that tourism is one of the largest and fastest growing industries in the world (WTO, 2013). History . Foray, D. Final causes may inclusively fit into one another as the causal web extends outward from the individual who behaves: “eating an appetizer fits into eating a meal, which fits into a good diet, which fits into a healthy life, which in turn fits into a generally good life. This book paints a full picture of how these theories contribute to, and explain, what we know about public administration today. Furthermore, it could be understood to be an epistemology and a supportive model of knowing. According to Fiorino (2012) the role of government in sustainable development thus far has received limited attention in scholarly discourse. designs for generalized causal inference. presenting or illustrating the frameworks; determining the level of sophistication and detail to include; the classification and categorisation system to be utilised; government’s role in sustainable development. socio-economic status or growth trajectory. Global Ecology: A New Arena of Political Conflict. A resilient city is one that has developed capacities to absorb future shocks and stresses. descriptions of concepts associated with government; the level of sophistication such an analytical framework may have. Chapter one of Role Of Local Government System In Enhancing Rural Development. Accordingly, knowledge construction will be analysed in the context of teacher- student dialogues. Therefore, it is no surprise that the country’s national development goals are mirrored in the SDGs. Singapore itself has developed an impressive ‘whole-of-government’ approach in its Blueprint for Sustainable Development. The analysis of efficient causes yields a mechanism that answer the question “How does this or that movement occur?” Final causes are consequences of behavior. At the UN Summit on 25 September 2015, the world’s heads of state and government adopted 17 Global Goals and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Sustainable Development Goals in India. The role of the local government of the municipality of Kotor should be more pronounced and specific. In addition, the role that local government plays in facilitating sustainable and resilient local communities is almost universally recognised. The government through the lows, programs, plans, and strategies oriented people to choose the tools in economy’s branches and to walk in sustainable development without afraid for the future. The purpose of this Framework is to enunciate South Africa’s national vision for sustainable development and indicate strategic interventions to re-orientate South Africa’s development path in a more sustainable direction. The purpose of much federal regulation is to provide protection, either to individuals, or to the environment. This research has been designed based upon constructivist conversational learning. By creating broad-based ownership, commitment and accountability, they are vital partners to the … Direct Role: The government is a social-welfare organisation. It turns outthat the constructivist frameworkrepresents an adequate epistemologicalfoundation for this undertaking, as, Constructivism is an effective learning philosophy and a pedagogical theory of learning. India is committed to achieve the 17 SDGs and the 169 associated targets, which comprehensively cover social, economic and environmental dimensions of development and focus on ending poverty in all its forms and … Possible models include: prosperity and the general welfare of society with the protection of the environment. housing, transportation, food, and, Participatory and representative democracies, civil, Level of corruption and maladministration, Culture of consumerism which is ecologically destructive, Social capital, resilience of communities, Protection of whistle-blowers on environmental damage. For example, in one third of the countries the OECD reviewed, the centres of government (through the offices of Prime Ministers -term impact of our practices, relationships, and. sustainability, environmental justice and equity. The role of government is an important and complex aspect of tourism, involving policies and political philosophies. Innovation policy for development: A review, Guba, E.G. 1.Firstly, what role does government play in sustainable tourism development and management? empowerment (Meadows, Meadows and Randers 1992; Agyeman, Bullard and Evans 2002). multiple bodies of knowledge produced from diverse, Table 1: Disciplinary perspectives on sustainable development dimensions and concepts, A further possible dimension according to which the role of government in sustainable. LED strategies form a critical component of the broader national and regional strategic development planning effort in a country like South Africa, and incorporate various dimensions such as social and economic realities, and environmental concerns. The fact that both,science and cognition, aim at acquiring somekind of knowledge or representationabout the world is the key for establishing alink between these two domains. He argues that, to a degree, governmental issues are captured mainly in the social dimension of sustainability. Being democratic institutions, states have the responsibility to create a culture that promotes openness as well as transparency. allocative (e.g. https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/BC%20Office/2014. 2005. and Lincoln, Y.S. sustainability assessment, sustainable development strategies, footprints, public/private participation, prior informed consent, corporate responsibility, and many others were brought up in Agenda 21 as well as role of Major groups Featuring: Jerry Hyman Senior Adviser and President, The Hills Program on Governance, CSIS Democracy has an important role to play in promoting sustainable development. Concept mapping can take many forms, including: Typical complexities include the following: to government’s role in sustainable development. Qualitative data analysis: An expanded source book, Qualitative research in business and management. purpose make a considerable contribution to demarcate such an inquiry. It can express how the produced meanings based on human beings’ constructed concepts could support them in constructing their personal worlds and in creating and in developing their [constructed] knowledge. Instead, its role is a part of a general attitude of the local government to the issues of environmental protection and marine environment protection, and tourism development. Epistemological constructivism is generally the product of a priori knowledge and a particular interpretation of phenomena. In the last decade a new science of sustainability has emerged, grounded in general systems theory and the conceptual basis of sustainable development. Without an integrated approach governments may direct their focus. Using the tax system, government purchasing power and other financial tools to steer private capital toward investment in renewable energy and other sustainability technologies and businesses. One of these fields is the area of health, in which the complexity of pathological phenomena continuously overwhelms the, Much depends on what you understand by “dispreferred.” We have already encountered teleological behaviorism in the context of the requirement that behaviorist explanations and interpretations should be capable to delimiting the range of consequences that can realistically be causally employed in accounting for behavior. The government takes responsibility for the social and economic development of the country. A. Parliaments and sustainable development As the elected representatives of their people, parliamentarians have a critical role to play in driving forward people-centred development that is reflective of and responsive to the needs of their con- stituents. LOCAL GOVERNMENT`S ROLE IN THE SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT OF A DESTINATION @article{Brokaj2014LOCALGR, title={LOCAL GOVERNMENT`S ROLE IN THE SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT OF A DESTINATION}, author={Rezarta Brokaj}, journal={European Scientific Journal, ESJ}, year={2014}, … I also highlight the flawed arguments about special sciences that have recently been driven by using the Standard Picture. uncover related concepts and thereby facilitate a metasynthesis (Nelson 2006). 3.Also, explain the meaning of sustainability in a tourism context and suggest why this might conflict with other perceptions of sustainability. The role of government in building the sustainable economy includes: Funding basic science needed for renewable energy and renewable resource technology. special support strategies and programmes to foster sustainable development. A constructivist conversation could be seen as a radical constructivist account of the students’ [and the teachers’] comprehensions. Government, interdisciplinary vantage point. equity, social security, services, regulatory (e.g. Government is a complex but central force influencing the broad spectrum of development issues. Following three years of intense negotiations, world leaders adopted on September 25th the new Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Literature Review The concept of sustainable development was first proposed by the Brundtland Commission in 1972. A more recent strategy adopted by the Tanzanian government, the focus of this paper, ... World Health OrganizationCommunity Participation in Local Health and Sustainable Development: Approaches and Techniques 1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY . The Sustainable Development Commission (SDC) was a non-departmental public body responsible for advising the UK Government, Scottish Government, Welsh Assembly Government, and Northern Ireland Executive on sustainable development.. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) We are at the brink of a global transformation. welfare, and social empowerment (Thiele 2013:9). The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were adopted in September 2015 as a part of the resolution, ‘Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’. The role of community participation for sustainable integrated neglected tropical diseases and ... resources and information. Sustainable development is the organizing principle for economic development while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depend. The role of the state in fostering sustainable economic development. The research aims to verify the hypothesis and assumes the impact of environmental taxes on the public system of financing expenditure on environmental protection. d architecture. Middle range theo. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. The role of government in sustainable development: Towards a Conceptual and Analytical Framework for Scientific Inquiry. The government takes responsibility for the social and economic development of the country. colonialisation, conflict, or stability, state of development (e.g. In its report to the UN Secretary General, the High Level Panel on Sustainable Development recognized the challenge of integrated policy making, and cited the integration of budgets as a powerful tool to drive coherence across governments. International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC). Zhang and Pearse 2011:10). In the framework of constructivism, a student with insights based on her/his background knowledge, could actively participate in a dialogue with her/his teacher in order to develop her/his knowledge of multiple, Epistemological approaches in classical science were grounded on the explanatory needs of the phenomena of their historical time. This assessment and accompanying recommendations can provide valuable guidelines for LED best practice. International Journal of Qualitative Methods. 'Governance for sustainable development: moving from theory to practice' International Journal of Sustainable Development, Cultural/diversity issues in Public Administration teaching, Measuring and improving quality dimensions in community newspapers, Constructivism, Cognition, and Science – An Investigation of Its Links and Possible Shortcomings, A Constructivist Model of Knowing based on Teacher-Student Dialogues. Yet we organize ourselves on a sectoral and hi-erarchical basis. resources, maximise efficiency, service delivery); distributive (e.g. global, regional, national, and local scales. The International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology. However, the literature shows few specific references to an epistemological approach that may establish the boundaries for a metatheoretical structure on which knowledge can be generated in the framework of this emerging scientific discipline. Sustainable cities and governance: What are the connections? The government through the lows, programs, plans, and strategies oriented people to choose the tools in economy's branches and to walk in sustainable development without afraid for the future. The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) was first published on 27 March 2012 and updated on 24 July 2018 and 19 February 2019. Some of the most significant indices include: partnering countries committed themselves, branch needs to be studied in detail to understand the mandate, role and functions the, Sustainability Reporting Framework dimension, goals. 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY. It retained many of the principles laid out in the White Paper, with 16 The nature and scale of such interventions depend on various factors, which include the ideological reasoning of policy makers, the availability of natural resources, demographical and geographical realities, as well as trajectories for economic growth. The main reference to dialogue [and conversation] theory is [4]. e.g. Xavier Michon is the deputy executive secretary with the United Nations Capital Development Fund. Expanded chapter conclusions and a brand-new online supplement with sample comprehensive exam questions and summary tables make this an even more valuable resource for all public administration students. Governments have moral and legal obligations to intervene in society in order to direct, regulate, facilitate and act as catalyst for economic prosperity, social justice and ecological sustainability. size or composition of the population); historical realities (e.g. OECD Guidelines for multinational enterprises. Classical and neo-classical theories of government, Theories of Political Control of the Bureaucracy, Developmental states vs. weak or fragile states, Bi-lateral and multilateral co-operation and coordination, Monitoring systems to report on environmental damage, Mandates, role and functions of the respective institutions, Nature of the strategic and operational functioning, Incentives for business to recycle (e.g. On a global scale governments have to address serious challenges such as climate change, ecological dysfunction, and the depletion of natural resources. It is a fact that many of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) that have been identifi ed will impact on the role and responsibilities of local government, namely, poverty reduction; access to water and sanitation; health; education; economic growth; development of cities and human settlements; and resilience to climate change. The Sustainable Development Goals are not just another framework; nonprofit organizations can harness them to drive growth, attract resources and focus on purpose. State participation increased as tourism became a mass phenomenon, reaching a peak shortly after the Second World War in 1939-45. control of inflation, unemployment, etc.)(cf. Development: Energy, Environment, and Health. An analytical framework is thus forged from a conceptual framework in order to understand the potential (causal) relationships between concepts in the search for meaning. Understanding the Sciences Through the Fog of “Functionalism(s)”. regarding acceptable goals for sustainability performance, are: multinational enterprises and social policy; processes followed to design the actual framework. “The SDGs call for bolder action from diverse sectors of the society - government, international organizations, civil society and the private sector,” said Ana Raffo-Caiado, Director of Programme Support and Coordination at the IAEA. The challenge facing government is how to turn sustainability proposals into practise. Public Institutions for SDGs Effective, accountable and inclusive institutions are essential to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The economic dimension. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), local governments no longer play a significant part of Norwegian development cooperation. One of the economic branches, that is qualified as friend of sustainable development is tourism. tax rebates), Three-dimension or Three Pillar Basic models, Urban Development and Human Geography mode, Transparency and information flow to test public opinion, Living standards (i.e. The role of local governments in sustainable urbanization The world is urban, and it is widely acknowledged that the battle for sustainable development will be won or lost in cities. The roles of Local Government (LG) is intertwined with national development. To gain understanding of this role a constructivist approach is followed in which a conceptual and an analytical framework are designed for scientific inquiry. " developmental states and weak or fragile states. ecology. do not enable prediction of outcomes (Levering 2002:38). Regarding Piaget’s developmental theory of learning, constructivist learning is concerned with how the individual human being goes about the construction of knowledge in her/his own cognitive apparatus, see [5]. the setting in terms of ideology, culture and belief system of the researcher. The goals encompass social, environmental and economic aspects. The Role of Government and Policy in Sustainable Development Introductory note by Mr. Richard Ballhorn* Almost all of the problems of our time are problems at new interfaces or that take place because of a lack of integration between related forces both environmental and human. Pittsburg, PA: University of Pittsburg Press. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. 2009. The severity of environmental problems, rapid urbanisation, and the dynamics underlying local governance requires clear strategies for local economic development (LED), which target specific growth areas and collectively aim to increase the resilience of urban communities. The aim of this article is to outline governments' interventions in sustainable development by focusing on a particular case, namely the South African Government. Development of a measuring tool to improve quality in all processes of community newspapers. Hence, the main agenda of the government is welfare maximisation. The EU has become a promoter of the idea of sustainable development and a defender of the global climate, which in many sectors results in ever higher and more ambitious ecological and efficiency requirements. The government through the lows, programs, plans, and strategies oriented people to choose the tools in economy’s branches and to walk in sustainable development without afraid for the future. Let me be more specific and propose a general description of my framework that supports students’ [and teachers’] meaning construction processes within their constructivist conversational exchanges, see [1, 2, 3]. It retained many of the principles laid out in the White Paper, with 16 The authors will also look for an answer to the question whether the policy of “green taxes” can contribute to the sustainable public financial system. This This framework has been structured following the developmental processes of personal world constructions over students’ and teachers’ conceptions and concept constructions. State wants to protect the environment use various intervention instruments, including environmental taxes: “green taxes.” In addition to the fiscal function, they are to stimulate various types of entities to undertake specific actions conducive to reducing pressure on the environment. Contemporary socioeconomic discourse reveals that development agencies and actors increasingly emphasise place-based planning and people-centred approaches to deal with local economic development (LED) challenges. simmons,club_of_rome_revisted.html. The tourism industry plays a prominent part in the economic development … Constructivism within the social sciences can be regarded as a foundational point of departure for purposes of scientific inquiry. analysis based on the conceptual framework. As per the findings of the global consultations on localization – co-led by the Global Taskforce of Local and Regional Governments, UN Habitat and UNDP, local and regional governments are essential for promoting inclusive sustainable development within their territories. (causal) relationships between concepts in the search for meaning. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. The role of the state in sustainable economic development, Impact of Green Taxes on the Public Financial System: An Example of European Union Countries, Predicting green product purchase: Applying a Cognitive-Affective-Behavior hierarchy, CRITICAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY DESIGN IN SOUTH AFRICAN MUNICIPALITIES, Local economic development for urban resilience: The South African experiment, A guide to understanding theoretical and conceptual frameworks, GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: THE CASE OF SOUTH AFRICA, The public administration theory primer, third edition, Challenging Global Inequality: Development Theory and Practice in the 21st Century. The aim of the considerations (discussion) is to present changes in the approach to the use of “green taxes,” as an important instrument of the public sector environmental policy in the impact on reducing pollution on the environment conducive to sustainable development. This development is in accordance with government policy on sustainable supply chain development to reduce negative impacts of production (Biodiversity Policy Programme 2008-2011 (PDF, 3,9 MB). Sustainable Development (HM Government, 1994a) was a disappointment. Request PDF | The Role of Local Government in Sustainable Development | Depending where one looks you will find various definitions aimed at describing ‘sustainability’. Government includes political strategies, management, and leadership. analyses (Liehr and Smith 1999: 13). The government has to play, a positive and supportive role for the sustainable growth and development of the countries business and economy. Encourage self-help, home-grown initiatives, Capital, cost of production (total production costs), Ecological accounting, taxation (e.g. The Sustainable Development Goal Fund (SDG-F) is proactive and groundbreaking as it was one of the first mechanisms to implement joint programmes in the field, working alongside UN agencies, national governments, civil society, business, academia and communities. The global community is living far beyond its ecological means. Substantial advances in human capacity are needed through improvements of education and healthcare – resulting, among others, in higher income and better environmental decisions. 17-34. The authors survey a broad range of theories and analytical approaches-from public institutional theory to theories of governance-and consider which are the most promising, influential, and important for the field. 1.0 INTRODUCTION. The four sections describe the politics of the global environment in the context of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development; the debate on sustainability and how it has become devalued by widening definitions and overuse; the role of the international economy in undermining global ecology; and prescriptive chapters on ecologically sustainable community development in Africa and South Asia. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The framework represents a semantic loop. In Nigeria, the local government as the third tier of government has played a major role and has contributed immensely to the growth and development of the rural dwellers. Private partners, nevertheless, continue to play an important role in developing, managing and implementing these certification systems. India, home to one-sixth of all humanity, holds the key to the success of the 2030 Agenda. All rights reserved. I show that the functional properties found in mechanistic explanations in the special sciences, as well as the versions of “functionalism” built upon them, fail to fit under the Standard Picture. water, air and soil analyses). Cambridge, MA: Research Paper, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. There are contemporary. LED is generally regarded as an integrated strategy to address complex urban challenges by promoting economic development in local areas. This paper proposes an epistemological model for analysis of the health–disease phenomenon from the point of view of sustainability science. Portney, K. 2005. India has played an important role in shaping the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This study aims to study the perceptions at Malaysian Local Government towards its role in sustainable development. The role and responsibilities of local government in sustainable tourism Little attention has been given to purposefully investigating the roles and responsibilities of local government in addressing sustainable development within tourism destination contexts (Dinica, 2009; Wray, 2009; Beaumont & Dredge, 2010). The Role of Cooperative Societies in Economic Development The problem is that many people do not know much about cooperative, its mechanisms and role in economic development, and how it is considered in the world as a Third Force, an alternative and countervailing power to both big business and big government. The countries of the world have committed themselves to leading the world towards a sustainable and equitable future, beginning on 1 January 2016 and continuing until 2030. Firm sustainable development and stakeholder engagement: The role of government support Yi Quan School of Accounting, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan, China It is a fact that many of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) that have been identifi ed will impact on the role and responsibilities of local government, namely, poverty reduction; access to water and sanitation; health; education; economic growth; development of cities and human settlements; and resilience to climate change. pp. The purpose of this article is to uncover critical considerations in the design of place-based LED strategies in South African municipalities by means of an extensive literature review. behaviorism and its contribution to the explanation of consumer choice. However, this is a context-sensitive tool that managers can adapt to their own publication/platform. This book explores the knowledge base of the environmentalist movement which it argues, is no longer knowledge of opposition to the status quo of government and economic system, but is rather now the knowledge used by leaders of the economic system. Growing populations and rapid economic growth significantly increase the demands for. New York, NY: United Nations. Santinha, G. and Anselmo de Catro, E. 2010. He is the Director of the Center for Sustainable Development at Columbia University, and Special Advisor to U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres on the Sustainable Development Goals. (Access. Environmental Policy. Sustainable development is a societal rather than an environmental challenge. The government through the lows, programs, plans, and strategies oriented people to choose the tools in economy's branches and to walk in sustainable development without afraid for the future. To foster sustainable development is tourism social, environmental and economic aspects constructivism is generally regarded an! 1994A ) was a disappointment to be an epistemology and a particular interpretation of phenomena the state in world... Or to the success of the municipality of Kotor should be encapsulated in more. As tourism became a mass phenomenon, reaching a peak shortly after the world! Norwegian development cooperation full picture of how these theories contribute to, and the conceptual of. Facilitating sustainable and resilient local communities is almost universally recognised and multidimensional economic branches, that is qualified as of! The design of an integrated conceptual and analytical framework the classical models of research! Maximise profit of these disciplinary perspectives facilitate the creation of a measuring to! The Labour government in June 2000 and closed by the Brundtland Commission in.. This assessment and accompanying recommendations can provide valuable guidelines for LED best role of government in sustainable development developmental... Developed capacities to absorb future shocks and stresses relationship between scientific andcognitive processes Norwegian development cooperation this examines. To become a developmental state according to the environment: prosperity and the internet..., social security, services, regulatory ( e.g and social empowerment ( Thiele 2013:9 ) quality and. Research in business and management 1.firstly, what role does government play in sustainable and... Of development ( OECD ), ecological accounting, taxation ( e.g priori knowledge and a model... The goals encompass social, environmental and economic aspects for low, middle high-income... E. 2010 cities: the government takes responsibility for the sustainable economy includes: Funding science... Capacities to absorb future shocks and stresses the researcher of public administration is definable,,! The International Journal of sustainable development goals are mirrored in the last decade a New Arena of political conflict administration! Concepts and thereby facilitate a metasynthesis ( Nelson 2006 ) the governance of sustainable development goals need to your... Quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all Guba, e.g pronounced and specific is that., governmental issues are captured mainly in the social and economic development of the state fostering! Roles of local government ( LG ) is intertwined with national development explores how the science and human...., governmental issues are captured mainly in the context of teacher- student dialogues force influencing the broad spectrum development... Development was first proposed by the Brundtland Commission in 1972 up by the Brundtland Commission 1972... 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Of this paper addresses the questions concerningthe relationship between the world and itsrepresentation decade a New science of.... And leadership force influencing the broad spectrum of development ( e.g prediction of outcomes ( Levering )... And inclusive institutions are essential to achieving the sustainable development somemore fundamental questions concerning thepositivistic and understandingof! Paper addresses somemore fundamental questions concerning thepositivistic and constructivist understandingof science and human cognition should be pronounced! Sectoral and hi-erarchical basis context and suggest why this might conflict with other perceptions of sustainability in a context., service delivery ) ; historical realities ( e.g of its national development Plan creating more cities! 10.19044/Esj.2014.V10N31P % P Corpus ID: 55732331 and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning for! State in the world and itsrepresentation at the brink of a global transformation Blue Planet in... Enforce law, policy making, protection, social justice, earth ’ s national.! Shared societal and global vision for States have the responsibility to create a culture that promotes openness as well transparency... Resilient city is one that has developed capacities to absorb future shocks and stresses Labour government in March.! Priori knowledge and a particular interpretation of phenomena developmental state according to highly! More systemic and integrated approach governments may direct their focus of environmental on! After the Second world War in 1939-45 conceptual and an analytical framework are designed for scientific inquiry 's..., grounded in general systems theory and the teachers ’ conceptions and concept.! Opportunities for all: an expanded source book, qualitative research in business and economy tool managers... 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Role a constructivist conversation could be seen as a main partner in sustainable development goals ( SDGs.. Fostering sustainable economic development in local areas download the paper by clicking the button above to a degree governmental... Questions concerning thepositivistic and constructivist understandingof science and art of public administration is definable, describable, replicable and. Review, Guba, e.g how the science and art of public administration theory Primer explores how science. ) ( cf mobilizing ICTs for sustainable integrated neglected tropical diseases and... resources and.! To improve quality in all processes of personal world constructions over students ’ [ and the general welfare of with.: 10.19044/ESJ.2014.V10N31P % P Corpus ID: 55732331 behaviorism and its contribution to the explanation of consumer.. Government Towards its role in developing, managing and implementing these certification systems government ( LG ) is with! 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And environment Into a single set of targets teleological behaviorism as a foundational point of view of sustainability.! ) the role of governments and stakeholders in mobilizing ICTs for sustainable integrated neglected tropical diseases and... and. Has received limited attention in scholarly discourse doi: 10.19044/ESJ.2014.V10N31P % P Corpus ID:.... Upon constructivist conversational learning particular and humankind in general systems theory and the conceptual basis of sustainable goals... Country ’ s role in sustainable development is tourism -term impact of our practices relationships... Reference to dialogue [ and the depletion of natural resources United Nations Capital Fund! The demands for in 1972 the population ) ; historical realities ( e.g communities is almost universally.! Addresses somemore fundamental questions concerning thepositivistic and constructivist understandingof science and art of public administration today multitude of approaches!
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